Thursday, September 16, 2010

The Rise of infertility

Rise of infertility

Infertility means that a couple are unable to conceive a child inspite of 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without birth control measures (pills, condom, copper’T’, safe period, withdrawal etc).
Many people may be infertile during their reproductive years. Survey says that on an average, in the world, about one in seven couples are infertile. Infertility may be due to a problem in the male or female or in both the partners and may even be unexplainable.

Key factor’s that affect’s fertility
Fertility can be a complicated affair and there is certainly some individual variation.  Beside medical problem, fertility can also be affected by so many other factors.

Medical reason that affect fertility are
-          Fertility history (contraceptive pills, genetics, age etc)
-          Male factor (Sperm quality)
-          Reproductive health.
-          Female factor (Uterine, Cervical, Ovarian and Tubal factors)
Women’s issues…..
General life style factors
If lady is trying to get pregnant now or planning to in near future, it’s wise to identify any potential risk factors.  The sooner you detect, address and treat problems that may affect fertility, the better your chances of achieving a successful pregnancy.
Here a few of more common health factors that can affect a woman’s ability to ovulate, conceive or carry a pregnancy to term.

Factors that affect Female’s fertility:
A.      Age: In today’s society, age-related infertility is extremely common. Women are most fertile between ages 20-24. As women grow older the likelihood of getting pregnant falls steeply while the likelihood of infertility rises sharply.

B.      Weight: over weight (obese):  Body fat levels 10 to 15% above normal can overload the body with estrogen, throwing off the reproductive cycle.
-          Under weight:  Body fat levels 10 to 15%. Below normal can completely shut down reproductive process.
C.  Medication:  Antidepressants, antibiotics, pain killers and other drugs used to treat chronic disorders may cause temporary infertility.
D.  Environmental or work place hazards
Prolonged exposure to high mental stress, high temperature, chemicals, radiation or heavy electromagnetic or microware emissions may reduce a woman’s fertility.
E.  Life Style Factors: It is essential to make healthy life style choices to avoid infertility. For instance, smoking, drugs, exposure to chemical and pesticides, dietary factors can impair conception.
G.  Sleep Disorder: Sleep is not only essential for quality of life and overall health, but it also plays important role on women’s fertility.

Men’s issue:
About 40% of fertility causes can be traced to a problem in man.  The following is partial risk factors that may contribute to male infertility.
A.  Smoking: Smoking impairs the ability of sperm to more (its motility)
B.  Alcohol:  Having more than one or two drinks can affect quality and quality of sperms, lower testosterone levels and contribute to erectile dysfunction.
C.  Drugs:  Cocaine or heavy marijuana use may temporarily reduce the number and quality of sperms on much as 50%.
D.  Medications:  Some medications such as these for ulcers or psoriasis, can slow or prevent the production of sperm.
E.  Job hazards:  Chronic exposure to elements such as lead, cadmium, mercury, hydrocarbons, pesticides, radioactivity and X-rays may have an impact on sperm count and quality.
F.  Exposing genitals to heat:  The frequent use of saunas, steam rooms, hot tubs can temporarily impair sperm production and reduce sperm count.
G.  Environmental Assaults: Exposure to toxins, chemicals, or infections may reduce sperm count either by direct effect on testicular function or by altering hormone systems.
H.  Lifestyle: Stress, malnutrition and nutrient deficiencies, obesity, bicycling, history of prostatitis or genital infection may also affect sperm quality and quality.

I.  Mobile use cuts sperm count: Men who use mobile phones more than 4 hours a day could be risking their fertility.

In conclusion, there are various factors that result in infertility. It is advisable that couples at risk try and mitigate all those factors that are in their control. Science is well-advanced in this field and hence once afflicted by infertility, couples have choices galore of the treatments that best suit their needs and pockets.

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